A tram that will run itself around the city of Moscow is currently being developed by a Russian urban electric vehicle manufacturer and developer of artificial intelligence for autonomous driving systems.
This fully autonomous tram will begin closed facility testing imminently, prior to street tests along the tram routes.
The objective of the project (jointly run by Cognitive Technologies and PC Transport Systems) is to establish a tram with the ability to run through Moscow minus the human driver in the cab. This is to ‘minimize the number of accidents and reduce their dependence on human factor’.
The tram will be capable of detecting and responding appropriately to other road users, obstacles and hazards, including:
According to the project team, the autonomous vehicle will come to a stop when obstacles are detected and maintain a safe distance behind ahead vehicles. The AI vision computer system is supplied with visuals from 10-20 cameras and data from up to 10 radar sensors. GPS will also aid pinpointing its position when driving along the tracks on ‘high precision cartography’. As stated by Olga Uskova of Cognitive Technologies in a press release, “The combination of sensors that includes cameras and radars ensures accurate and reliable detection of road scene objects in any weather conditions (night, rain, fog, snow, blinding light etc.)”.
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